Pregnancy is the most pleasing and creative phase in every woman’s life, this stage makes you more caring and responsible towards yourself regarding precautions and diet. A baby in the womb is a very significant part of your body and for that, you need more care and nutrition intake. A study shows that during pregnancy, the nutritional requirements are increased for supporting the rapidly growing fetus and fulfill the supplement needs of your changing body structure. Looking for the situation, every pregnant woman should take the advice of educated and experienced people about pregnancy week by week.
Though uncertainties and doubts are usually brought up in the mind of every pregnant woman, yet it is advised that you must aware of pregnancy week by week information which can give you a detailed account of you and your baby’s development. It is a fact that the guidance of weekly pregnancy will not only help you follow the changes on your body, but it will also inform you about the development, safety, and health of your child. In fact, the conditions of pregnancy vary from woman to woman but pregnancy symptoms are almost the same.
No other achievement can pay off with the happiness of carrying a new life inside your womb. So, your major responsibility is to keep your body fit and ready for the new baby because whatever happens to you will affect the one inside you.
Pregnancy week by week Infographic
Also Read: Early Pregnancy signs Within Four Weeks
Symptoms & Warning Signs of Pregnancy
Every week for a pregnant woman is very special and challenging because several dramatic changes happen in your body. In the early stage of pregnancy, you have to suffer from different problems like vomiting, frequent urination, dizziness, anemia, nausea, leg cramps, pre-eclampsia, constipation, tiredness, sleepiness, mood swings, and breast changes condition. If you have one or more of these symptoms and signs then there is the possibility of pregnancy.
Having a regular check-up is a right way to make sure the safety and health of you and your baby. In fact, early and routine prenatal care will help you to protect your baby from severe problems.
First trimester: Condition, Diet, and Precautions
The first trimester of pregnancy starts on the first day of your last period and continues until the end of 12th week. A lot happens during this period, like some physical and emotional changes develop in your body, beside it, this is a right time of major and fastest growth for your fetus.
During the first three months, the fertilized egg quickly divides into layers of cells and inserts in the wall of the womb where it moves on fast growing. Later, the layers of cells become an embryo, which has matured into a fetus at the end of the trimester.
A medical study shows that embryo support to organize and develops the body organs. After the fourth week of pregnancy, a heartbeat can usually be heard, alongside it the brain waves can be monitored after six weeks, and by end of the 8th-week, bones, muscles and all other body organs have been formed. Finally, at the end of the first trimester, your baby looks like a small human being and is now called a fetus.
A medical study shows that every bite count during pregnancy. Whatever you eat or hates to eat, affects your child. According to a new research, besides physical growth, the mental faculty and intelligence of a child depend a lot on the nutrition and diet of the mother during pregnancy.
Though an expectant mother has no need to take extra calories in the first trimester of pregnancy, however, she must take lots of high protein, calcium, iron, vitamins such as Vitamins B6, B12, vitamin D, folic acid, and zinc.
Medical experts even suggest taking a simple tablet of folic acid that prevents spinal cord disorders and severe neurological issues. Furthermore, essential fatty acids, substantial calories, and minerals are very important for the exceptional growth of a fetus. Therefore, every pregnant woman must adopt these important objects of pregnancy diet and nutrition plan.
An expectant mother should be avoided to gain weight during pregnancy because too much weight gain can lead to severe complications like fatigue, high blood pressure, gestational diabetes, and pain in your legs and backbone. Moreover, a pregnant woman must try to end her first trimester on a healthy note, she must take a lot of healthy and balanced diet each day.
As much as possible, eat more fruits and vegetables. Take a diet which is rich in calcium, minerals, carbohydrates and lean proteins. Instead of using junk or processed food, you must eat snacks, yogurt nuts, and dried fruit. The week 12th is a suitable time to start doing Kegel exercises that can strengthen your vaginal muscles, and help with delivery and recovery after the birth. One most important thing that you must consult with your doctor for regular checkups, or talk with a dietitian.
Second trimester: Condition, Diet, and Precautions
The time period between 13th to 27th week is called the second trimester of pregnancy. At 13 weeks, you are now joining your starting days of the second trimester. The baby inside your womb changes rapidly in the second trimester and you will also feel your baby movement during the end of this time period. It is ideal for you to maintain a proper diet and routine exercise to avoid diabetes, high blood pressure, and other pregnancy complications.
A study shows that when an expectant mother enters in the second trimester of pregnancy, the miscarriage rates greatly decrease. A lot of changing and development happen with your body and your baby during this time period.
When you arrive in the second trimester, your hormone levels are equalizing as your placenta takes over production. The placenta is an organ that attaches to the wall of the uterus. The purpose of this structure is providing nutrients and oxygen to your baby and eliminates the waste materials from the baby’s blood.
One more thing happens during pregnancy week by week, your belly starts to expand up and out of your pelvis. At 13 weeks, a baby has developed to almost the size of a peapod. The tissue around the baby’s legs, arms, and the head are progressively fortifying into bone. During the second trimester, a baby has even started urinating in the amniotic fluid. Generally, by 17 to 20 weeks, you can be able to see your baby’s gender through an ultrasound.
Eating a healthy and balanced diet is one of the most important things that you must do for you and your baby during this time period. The diet you consume is the main source of nourishment for both baby and mother, so you must take foods that are rich in nutrients because proper diet will help in safe and fast and growth of your baby.
During the second trimester, a healthy diet may consist of proteins, carbohydrates, minerals, vitamins, healthy fats and plenty of water. A study shows that a pregnant woman should take diets that are rich in magnesium, vitamin D, and calcium because these nutrients will help to make strong your baby’s teeth and bones. Moreover, eating food that contains omega-3 oils is very beneficial for the proper growth of your baby’s brain. Foods that are high in nutrients can be avocado, green beans, broccoli, carrots, cheese, cabbage, yogurt, canned sardines, sunflower& pumpkin seeds, peanut butter, nuts and dried fruit. Try to eat foods that are low in fat and sodium. Instead of frozen items, always prefer to eat fresh vegetables and fruits. Prepare and cook meals at home is always good for maintaining a healthy and balanced diet.
Few foods that you should avoid during the second trimester, are raw meat, swordfish, and king mackerel, because these foodstuffs contain high amounts of mercury, that can harm your baby. If you want to eat seafood, then its limit must be 12 ounces per week. Salmon, shrimp, and canned light tuna are comparatively low in mercury.
Avoid unpasteurized milk, feta, queso fresco, brie and blue cheese, because they have harmful bacteria that can cause infections. Though it’s fine to drink coffee or tea while you’re pregnant, you shouldn’t take more than two or three cups per day. Never drink alcohol during pregnancy, because it can cause birth defects and severe problems, including fetal alcohol syndrome.
Plan your diet during the second trimester and make sure to take at least 60 grams of protein per day. Try to eat nine or more servings of whole grains, fruits, and vegetables per day. Take four servings of dairy products per day. Reduce your consumption of high-sugar, high-fat and high-sodium foods. Adopt the habit of taking your prenatal vitamins every day during pregnancy. Make a habit of drink plenty of water to get hydrated.
Some women become insecure about their weight during pregnancy, but increasing 25 to 35 pounds weight is considered normal. The natural weight you gain in pregnancy gives nourishment to your baby and help to store breastfeeding.
Exercising like walking and swimming can also help you manage your weight during pregnancy, but you should avoid some hard sports, like basketball, water skiing, or soccer. Try to consult with your doctor before starting a new exercise routine.
Making sure to medical checkups and engage with your doctor who can help you make a more specific meal plan based on your weight and age during pregnancy. Instead of wearing tight shirts and pajamas, always try to dress in loose and soft clothes, you will feel more comfortable and active.
Third trimester: Condition, Diet, and Precautions
Lastly from the 28th week to 40th week of pregnancy is called the third trimester, it is the most difficult and challenging period because, during this period, you have to experience the difficulty of breathing and back-aches. Beside it, the baby inside your womb is getting bigger and weightier since you gain weight constantly. A pregnancy normally lasts for about 40 weeks, so after 36 weeks, you must consult with doctors every week to check your condition until delivery. It is a fact that the third trimester of pregnancy can be challenging physically and emotionally for a woman. At the end of week 37, even a baby is considered full term but it’s only a concern of time before the baby will be born.
At the end of week 32, the bones of a baby have completely formed. During this time, a baby now starts open and close its eyes and sense light, moreover, his body will begin to save minerals like calcium and iron. Around week 36, the head of a baby should be in a down position. If your baby’s head does not move into this position, then you must talk to your doctor who will try to fix the right position or suggest you a cesarean section. After week 37, the baby’s organs are completely ready to work on their own. On this stage, a baby is around 18 to 21 inches long and between 6 to 9 pounds in weight.
An expectant woman also starts to become worried especially when she thinks about the delivery moments. During the third trimester, you have to experience more pain, aches, and swelling as you carry around your baby. Beside it, many other events happen during the third trimester, for example, you feel a lot of movement by the baby. You have to suffer from the condition of heartburn, swollen fingers & face, hemorrhoids, sleeping problems, stress, anxiety and irregular tightening of the uterus. During the third trimester, you go to the bathroom more often and your tender breasts may leak watery milk.
In order to stay healthy during the third trimester, it’s very important to be aware of what to do and what to avoid. According to the gynecologist, a pregnant woman must continue to take prenatal vitamins. Try to stay energetic unless you’re suffering pain or swelling. Do more walk and keep you busy in Kegel exercises. Drink lots of water and fresh juices and always eat a diet that comprises with fresh fruits & vegetables, fiber, and protein. Take about 300 more calories per day. Stay active and try to get plenty of rest and sleep. Clean your teeth and gums because bad dental hygiene is linked to premature delivery.
The activity you should avoid is hard or strength working out that could cause an injury to your stomach. Say no to smoking, illegal drugs, alcohol, caffeine, and energy drinks. Stay away to eat deli meats, hot dogs, mackerel, smoked seafood, raw fish, white snapper fish, and swordfish. Don’t use unpasteurized milk and dairy products.
After 34 weeks, avoid long car trips and airplane flights, because there is a possibility of an unexpected delivery. During travel, try to stretch your legs and walk around at least every hour.
If you suffer from bleeding at any time or feel a sudden decrease in movement by your baby then go to your doctor immediately. The severe swelling and speedy weight gain can be alarming so always talk to your consultant about it.
According to a medical research, a pregnant woman must go for medical checkup more regularly during the third trimester. Your doctor will test your pregnancy stage with a vaginal exam. Normally your cervix will become softer and thinner as you near your due date of childbirth. You can even read books or join different forums for getting proper and factual guideline about pregnancy week by week.